Students hanging out in New Hall quad

Catalog

Biology

BIO1004 Human Biology (3)
Prerequisite: High School Biology
Three hours lecture. Covers the basic structure and function of the human body. Surveys structure of cells, anatomy, physiology of several organ systems (e.g., reproductive, circulatory, nervous, muscular, immune), human genetics, nutrition, and our relationship with the environment. Scientific method and principles of biology are emphasized. May include laboratory demonstrations and activities. Fulfills General Education Natural and Physical Science requirement.

BIO1009 Introduction to Biology (3)
Three hours lecture. An introduction course for the biological sciences which covers the domain/kingdoms of living organisms, the basic principles of cell chemistry and metabolism, cell structure and function, Mendelian genetics, and the emerging impact of biotechnology on society. Laboratory introduces basic laboratory techniques and their application to the understanding of general biology concepts. Required for Liberal Studies majors. Fulfills General Education Natural and Physical Science requirement.

BIO1009L Introduction to Biology Lab (0.5)
One hour and a half laboratory component of BIO1009.

BIO1101 General Biology I (3)
Prerequisite: High School Biology
Three hours lecture. General Biology is a foundation course dealing with cellular and molecular biology with emphasis on structure and function of cells as the basic unit of life, including cellular metabolism, enzyme energetics, molecular genetics, Mendelian genetics, and concepts of speciation and evolution. Laboratory introduces basic laboratory techniques, light microscopy, enzyme kinetics, calorimetry, and population genetics.

BIO1101L General Biology I Lab (1)
Three hours laboratory component of BIO1101.

BIO1103 General Biology II (3)
Prerequisite: Grade of C or higher in BIO1101
Three hours lecture. Focuses on the study of microorganisms, fungi, higher plants and animals, their diversity and unity, structure, development, physiology, and classification. Laboratory develops observational skills using prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

BIO1103L General Biology II Lab (1)
Three hours laboratory component of BIO1103.

BIO1465 Natural Science Seminar (1)
Offers presentations and discussions of selected topics in natural sciences. Speakers are scientists from other institutions and from the NDNU faculty and student body. May be repeated for credit.

BIO2007 Geographical Information Systems and Public Health (4)
Introduces the essentials of GIS and the fundamentals of epidemiology.  Lectures and laboratories use GIS software to develop skills in database management, graphical display, and mapping, incorporating epidemiological methods to develop maps exemplifying a range of public health issues, including infectious and vector-borne disease patterns, epidemic investigation, environmental hazards, and health services access.

BIO2108 Contemporary Environmental Issues (3)
Prerequisite: Math Placement Level 2 or permission of instructor
Three hours lecture. This course explores the interdependence of humans with the other plant and animal species on the planet. The impact of environmental degradation is explained through a biological and ecological systems approach. A variety of perspectives on environmental issues will be explored, including political, ethical, and social perspectives.  The impact of environmental challenges on developing countries will also be analyzed. Fulfills General Education Natural and Physical Science requirement.

BIO2108L Contemporary Environmental Issues Lab (1)
Three hours laboratory component of BIO2108. Local environmental issues are explored through fieldwork and site visits while regional and international issues are explored using technology such as geographic information systems (GIS) as well as case studies.

BIO2114 An Introduction to the Diverse World of Plants (3)
Prerequisites
: Grade of C or better in BIO1101, BIO1101L, BIO1103, BIO1103L
This course is an introduction to plant systematics, including vascular plant classification, diversity, and evolutionary relationships. Discussion entails the structural components of vascular plants and how plant structure relates to function, development, environment, evolution, and human use of plants. The course briefly encompasses the major physiological and metabolic processes of plants with a survey of photosynthesis and plant metabolism, mineral nutrition and ion uptake, water relations, transport processes, and regulation of plant growth and development.

BIO2114L An Introduction to the Diverse World of Plants Lab (1)
Three hours laboratory component of BIO2114.

BIO2124 Forensic Science (4)
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory. Focuses on the mysterious and exciting world of forensic science and forensic psychology with an emphasis on the techniques, skills, tools, and procedures used in the discovery process and their limitations. The nature of physical evidence is studied along with the limitations that technology, knowledge, and human behavior impose. Class discussions cover DNA analyses, fingerprint, hair, fiber, and bullet comparisons, footwear impressions, and crime-scene search and investigation as well as discussion of the psychological domains of eyewitness testimony, the malleability of memory, the fallibility of judgments, and decision-making. Fulfills General Education Natural and Physical Science requirement.

BIO2132 General Ecology (3)
Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIO1103, BIO1103L or BIO1009, BIO1009L,  Mathematics Placement Level 2 and grade of C or better in either CHE1202, CHE1202L or CHE1101 or permission of instructor
Three hours lecture. This course investigates Earth's physical structure and place in the solar system, global climate patterns, evolution of biomes, energy flow, and biotic and abiotic components of ecosystems. It also investigates cycling of chemical elements in ecosystems and trophic relationships within ecosystems. Presents selected ecosystems exemplifying unifying concepts of ecology. The impact of human activity on ecosystems is discussed.

BIO2132L General Ecology Lab (1)
Three hours laboratory component of BIO2132. Laboratory concentrates on field study of concepts presented in lecture.

BIO2138C Environmental Toxicology *(CE) (3)
Prerequisites:
Grade of C or better in BIO1101, BIO1101L, BIO1103, BIO1103L, CHE1202, CHE1202L, and BIO2132, BIO2132L or permission of instructor
In this introductory course, students will gain a fundamental understanding of different types of environmental toxins, as well as the regulations and agencies involved in environmental toxicology. We will examine the major types of contaminants, routes of exposure, bioaccumulation, dose-response relationships, and effects of toxins on human and non-human aspects of the environment.  Special attention will be paid to how environmental toxicology issues are addressed in human communities, and reflect this focus in our lab section of class by participating in a community engagement project with the town of Pescadero, CA.  This course fulfills General Education requirements for Natural and Physical Science or Community Engagement requirement only if taken with the lab component, BIO2138L.

BIO2138L Environmental Toxicology Lab (1
Three hours laboratory component of BIO2138C.

BIO2143 Invertebrate Zoology (3)
Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIO1101, BIO1101L, BIO1103, BIO1103L
Three hours lecture. This course emphasizes the evolution and diversity of invertebrates. Topics will include the phylogeny of Parazoa and Eumetazoa and the phyla within the derived clades of the Eumetazoa as well as their life histories and functional morphology.

BIO2143L Invertebrate Zoology Lab (1)
Three hours laboratory component of BIO2143.

BIO2148 Vertebrate Zoology (3)
Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIO1101, BIO1101L, BIO1103, BIO1103L recommended
Three hours lecture. This course emphasizes the unique structural and functional adaptations of vertebrates. There is a focus on the anatomy and physiology of representative vertebrates.

BIO2148L Vertebrate Zoology Lab (1)
Three hours laboratory component of BIO2148. Includes dissection of lamprey, dogfish shark, and cat as representative vertebrates.

BIO2200 Developmental Biology (3)
Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIO1101, BIO1101L, BIO1103, BIO1103L
Three hours lecture. This course covers development of living organisms from the fertilized egg to establishment of organ systems. Topics include fertilization, gastrulation, neurulation, regulation of development, cell commitment, morphogenesis, induction, and laying down of organ systems.

BIO2200L Developmental Biology Lab (1)
Three hours laboratory component of BIO2200.

BIO2205 Human Anatomy (3)
Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIO1101, BIO1101L, BIO1103, BIO1103L
Three hours lecture. This course studies the structure, organization, and functional relationships of the systems of the human body.

BIO2205L Human Anatomy Lab (1)
Three hours laboratory component of BIO2205.

BIO2210 Human Physiology (3)
Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIO1101, BIO1101L, BIO1103, BIO1103L, CHE1202, CHE1202L
Three hours lecture. This course focuses on functional aspects of the human organism at the subcellular, cellular, and tissue levels, utilizing a systems approach with an emphasis on neural and endocrine control of physiological processes to maintain homeostasis.

BIO2210L Human Physiology Lab (2)
Three hours laboratory, one hour seminar component of BIO2210. Includes computerized measurements of cardiac, muscle, and respiratory function as well as biochemical assays. Results are discussed in seminar.

BIO2215 Genetics (3)
Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIO1101, BIO1101L, BIO1103, BIO1103L and CHE1202, CHE1202L
Three hours lecture. Focuses on the physical and chemical basis of heredity. Topics include Mendelian genetics; mapping; structure, organization, and replication of DNA; mutation; transcription, translation, and regulation; and extrachromosomal inheritance and population genetics.

BIO2215L Genetics Lab (1)
Three hours laboratory component of BIO2215. It includes Mendelian and population genetics, cytogenetics, DNA analysis, electrophoresis, PCR, and mapping techniques.

BIO2250 Health Care Careers (3)
Students will explore the scope of practice, educational preparation, salary range, certification and licensing standards, and related occupations of the various health and health-related professions they are interested in.  The health care system in the United States, including the current model of institutions will be explored to provide a foundation for understanding opportunities within the health care industry. Students will also learn to articulate their strengths through a variety of assessment instruments.  This will be applied to the development of a cover letter, resume, and job interviewing skills.  Students will learn to research and explore job options to prepare them for finding volunteer and intern opportunities and jobs throughout their work life.

BIO2252 Cellular and Molecular Biology (3)
Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIO1101, BIO1101L, BIO1103, BIO1103L and CHE2203, CHE2203L, CHE2205, CHE2205L and CHE2370, CHE2370L or BIO2215, BIO2215L or permission of instructor
Three hours lecture. This course focuses on the structural and biochemical basis of cellular function. Emphasis is placed on cell substructure, cell membranes, cell-surface phenomena, and the storage and transfer of biological information at the biochemical level.

BIO2252L Cellular and Molecular Biology Lab (1)
Three hours laboratory component of BIO2252. Methods of Biotechnology are presented.

BIO2275 General Microbiology (3)
Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIO1101, BIO1101L, BIO1103, BIO1103L, CHE1202, CHE1202L
Three hours lecture. This course comprises the study of microorganisms and viruses, including the structure, physiology, genetics, systematics, and evolution of bacteria, fungi, protista, and parasitic metazoans. Emphasis is placed on medical, veterinary, and agricultural microbiology along with microbial ecology and industrial microbiology.

BIO2275L General Microbiology Lab (2)
Six hours laboratory component of BIO2275. Basic techniques for isolation, culture, and staining of bacteria are introduced in this course. Experiments throughout the course are designed to investigate the nutritional requirements and biochemical activities of microorganisms. Emphasis is placed on both techniques as well as data interpretation.

BIO2277 Immunology (3)
Prerequisites: Grade of C or better in BIO1101, BIO1101L, BIO1103, BIO1103L, CHE1202, CHE1202L
Three hours lecture. This course covers the fundamentals of innate and cellular immunity.  Both the development and effect or functions of B and T cells are explored with special emphasis on how B and T cells interact. Hypersensitivities, allergies, and autoimmune responses are also examined.

BIO2277L Immunology Lab (1)
Three hours laboratory component of BIO2277. Techniques that use immunological tools and are applicable to research or clinical applications are covered, including ELISA, Dot Blot, and Western Blot.

BIO2354 Molecular Biology for Computer Scientists (3)
Prerequisite
: A college-level biology course or permission of the instructor
The field of bioinformatics is interdisciplinary, requiring knowledge of biology and computer science. This applied course for Computer Science majors is intended to fill the conceptual gaps that may exist in the areas of protein structure and function, protein synthesis, the genetic code, gene expression, gene sequencing, genetic engineering, and evolutionary biology. Successful completion of this course will allow a computer science major to understand and use gene sequence databases in bioinformatics application.

BIO2465 Natural Science Seminar (1)
Offers presentations and discussions of selected topics in natural sciences. Speakers are scientists from other institutions and from the NDNU faculty and student body. May be repeated for credit.

BIO2884 Research (1-3)
Prerequisites: BIO1101, BIO1101L, BIO1103, BIO1103L
Provides practical experience with biological research carried out under close supervision of a faculty member. Includes experimental design, library research, laboratory work, and presentation of results. May be repeated for credit.

BIO2886 Special Topics (1-3)
Courses in Biology that provide elective opportunities for Science majors and minors.

BIO2994 Laboratory Assistant (1-3)
Prerequisites: BIO1101, BIO1101L and permission of instructor
Provides an opportunity for Natural Science majors to earn credit assisting instructors. Three units may be used as upper-division elective units in the major.

BIO2997 Honors Thesis Research (2-4)
Provides a research opportunity for undergraduates who have completed all requirements for the biology major and have demonstrated outstanding promise.

BIO2999 Independent Study in Biology (1-3)
Provides an opportunity for individual study or research under the direction of an instructor. See Undergraduate Policies and Procedures for more information on Independent Study.